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Logical Data Loss and Physical Data Loss: What’s the Difference in Data Recovery

Heloise Montini

Heloise Montini

Heloise Montini is a content writer whose background in journalism make her an asset when researching and writing tech content. Also, her personal aspirations in creative writing and PC gaming make her articles on data storage and data recovery accessible for a wide audience.

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Laura Pompeu

Laura Pompeu

With 10 years of experience in journalism, SEO & digital marketing, Laura Pompeu uses her skills and experience to manage (and sometimes write) content focused on technology and business strategies.

Socials:

Bogdan Glushko

Bogdan Glushko

CEO at SalvageData Recovery, Bogdan Glushko has over 18 years of experience in high-security data recovery. Over the years, he's been able to help restore data after logical errors, physical failures, or even ransomware attacks, for individuals, businesses, and government agencies alike.

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Logical Data Loss and Physical Data Loss What’s the Difference in Data Recovery
Heloise Montini

Heloise Montini

Heloise Montini is a content writer whose background in journalism make her an asset when researching and writing tech content. Also, her personal aspirations in creative writing and PC gaming make her articles on data storage and data recovery accessible for a wide audience.

Socials:

Laura Pompeu

Laura Pompeu

With 10 years of experience in journalism, SEO & digital marketing, Laura Pompeu uses her skills and experience to manage (and sometimes write) content focused on technology and business strategies.

Socials:

Bogdan Glushko

Bogdan Glushko

CEO at SalvageData Recovery, Bogdan Glushko has over 18 years of experience in high-security data recovery. Over the years, he's been able to help restore data after logical errors, physical failures, or even ransomware attacks, for individuals, businesses, and government agencies alike.

Socials:

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It’s possible to divide data loss into two categories: logical data loss and physical data loss. It can be caused by hardware or software faults that result in the failure of transmission, storage, or processing. 

Logical data loss occurs when files become inaccessible because of accidental deletion, human error, or other causes. Physical data loss happens when there is damage to the hardware itself, resulting in an inability to access documents stored on it. 

Physical failures are usually easier to identify. If you cannot access the documents, then most likely a physical or mechanical issue has occurred. Logical failures require further investigation, as they are not always easy to spot at first glance.

What is logical data loss?

Logical data loss occurs when a file or directory becomes corrupted or inaccessible due to some form of error. Accidental deletions, disk formatting, virus attack, power outages, and more can cause logical failures. 

One common symptom of logical data loss is computer errors, such as a blue screen.

In such cases, it is important to have a reliable backup available for retrieval as soon as possible.

  1. Accidental deletion
  2. Disk formatting
  3. Virus attack 
  4. Power Outages
  5. Human error 
  6. Corrupt file system or directory structure 
  7. Improper shutdown/crash of computer systems due to power outages 
  8. Incompatibilities between different applications or programs 
  9. Corruption caused by disk fragmentation  
  10. Firmware issues, or software bug 

What is physical data loss?

Physical data loss occurs when the device storing the files suffers from some form of physical damage. 

This could include broken hard drives or damaged memory cards, which cause the files stored on them to become inaccessible. 

  1. Malfunctioning storage devices
  2. Environmental factors such as fire, flood, or temperature fluctuations 
  3. Bend flash drives or memory cards
  4. Dropped hard drive
  5. Water-damaged device
  6. Overheating computer
  7. Any other cause of physical damage
  8. Hardware failure
  9. Bad sectors
  10. Electronic board (PCB) failure

Physical vs Logical Data Recovery

Only experienced and certified recovery professionals can perform physical data recovery. This is because physical damages, and consequent physical data loss, demand a cleanroom and proper tools. 

Data recovery specialists must carefully examine the damaged parts in order to identify the cause of the issue. Then the technicians will look to repair or replace them with new parts if necessary. 

Physical recovery can be a lengthy process because of the complexity of certain hardware components, but it is relatively straightforward if an expert is involved.

Logical data recovery, on the other hand, is a simpler process that seeks to retrieve corrupted or inaccessible files by replacing no physical components. 

However, logical data loss is more complicated to identify than its physical counterpart, as it can be silent and, sometimes, requires greater technical know-how. 

Some logical data loss is easily recovered with data recovery software or even built-in Windows tools.

Yet, in both cases, regular backups are what protect the data and guarantee full recovery in case of device malfunction or damage.

But, if you don’t have any recent backup, SalvageData experts are ready 24/7 to help you salvage your lost files. 

Schedule a free in-lab evaluation of your data storage device and ensure you get a secure and personalized data recovery service.

Data loss is a serious issue that should not be taken lightly. Taking action right away and addressing the problem is essential to minimize any long-term damage or loss of data. In situations where logical or physical data loss occurs, it is important to seek professional help as soon as possible to ensure that all documents are recovered safely and securely.

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Heloise Montini

Heloise Montini

Heloise Montini is a content writer whose background in journalism make her an asset when researching and writing tech content. Also, her personal aspirations in creative writing and PC gaming make her articles on data storage and data recovery accessible for a wide audience.

Socials:

Laura Pompeu

Laura Pompeu

With 10 years of experience in journalism, SEO & digital marketing, Laura Pompeu uses her skills and experience to manage (and sometimes write) content focused on technology and business strategies.

Socials:

Bogdan Glushko

Bogdan Glushko

CEO at SalvageData Recovery, Bogdan Glushko has over 18 years of experience in high-security data recovery. Over the years, he's been able to help restore data after logical errors, physical failures, or even ransomware attacks, for individuals, businesses, and government agencies alike.

Socials:

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