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How to Fix Windows Detected a Hard Disk Problem in 2021?

“Since I turned on my computer this morning, the Windows detected a hard disk problem error continues to appear on the screen and prompts me to start the backup process. How do I solve the issue?” — while сomputer forums are full of messages like this, the problem itself has been bothering many Windows users for a long time, including those with the latest Windows 10 OS installed on their machines. 

Windows Detected Hard Disk Problem - Screenshot

Now, let’s clarify right away: disabling the ‘Windows has detected a problem with the hard drive’ message, as suggested by some questionable blogs that may be found on the internet, is definitely a bad idea. Hard drive errors should not be ignored as they indicate that something has gone wrong with your drive, and you need to take measures as soon as possible to avoid data loss. The good news is that, in opposition to cases when a failure results from physical damage to the disk, logical errors can most often be eliminated by the user himself. With this guide, we’d like to shed some light on the causes of this problem, as well as the easiest and most proven ways to solve it.


Possible Reasons of Error Message “Windows Detected a Hard Disk Problem” 

There are plenty of reasons that may lead to the appearance of the error, system failures, including improper operations, and mechanical issues. Below we will look at a few of the most common ones in more detail so that you can more accurately determine the cause and assess your chances of a successful recovery.

System And Logical Errors

There is a high chance that the hard disk error occurred due to one of such prevalent logical issues as file system corruption, bad sectors, registry error, RAM decline, excessive startup entries, redundant program installations, etc. 

Malware Or Virus Infection

Even if your antivirus is powerful enough to detect and remove malware from your computer, it won’t be able to eliminate the consequences of the infection and troubleshoot the malfunctions caused by the virus — such as corruption of files, or damage to the file system. As a result, your system may be reporting messages wrongly.

Bad Sectors

Bad sectors are sectors on hard disk partitions that became unresponsive to read or write requests, which can occur on both traditional magnetic hard drives and modern solid-state drives.

Human Errors

Finally, users themselves are often the culprits of system failures. Trying to improve the performance of their machine without sufficient knowledge, they follow wrong instructions and perform incorrect operations, which leads to inadvertent tampering with system settings — for example, some users modify the settings of the system registry, change the properties or location of system files, install improper plugins, etc.


How to Fix the ‘Windows Detected a Hard Drive Problem’

Since it is not easy to determine the cause simply based on the error message, we offer you several solutions, each of which addresses a different cause, so you can try them one by one.


Solution #1: Try System File Checker

While many computer users are unaware of the fact that Windows provides an easy-to-use basic error-fixing tool, numerous problems and system errors that seem very serious can be solved with its help. The system file checker will check the system file and solve the integrity problem. Try System File Checker to check system files and handle integrity issues.


Here’s how to fix hard drive errors using File System Checker:

          1. Click the Start button, then enter cmd in the searching box.

          2. Type sfc /scannow in the command prompt and hit Enter.

how to fix hard drive errors using File System Checker

       3. Wait till the end of the scanning process; do not close the window until the verification is 100% complete.


Basically, the cmd command scans all protected system files, finds if there is an interiority violation, and replaces those damaged or corrupted ones with a backup copy.


Solution #2: Perform a ChkDsk

Don’t panic if the previous method didn’t work; the key to solving any problem is calmness. If the previous method didn’t help, follow these steps to fix the hard disk error with the help of a ChkDsk command:

       1. Open the Command Prompt again (entering cmd in the searching box).

      2. Type the partition drive letter (c: / d: / e: etc.) you want to chkdsk; don’t change anything if you want to test the default partition.

ChkDsk command

      3. Type chkdsk and press Enter to begin.


The main function of chkdsk is to examine and fix FAT and NTFS file system errors. Thus, if the ‘Windows found a problem with the hard disk’ message was generated due to a file system error, chkdsk will quickly fix it. This will also get you a better idea about your hard drive and the file system.


Solution #3: Use SALVAGEDATA’s Professional Recovery Software

While fixing system errors via the Command line is rather suitable for computer professionals, it will be better for an average user to fix the ‘Windows detected a hard disk problem’ error quickly and safely using a third-party data recovery tool.

SALVAGEDATA’s recovery software was designed to simplify disk data management and error elimination for the average user. It is a professional tool that combines a powerful algorithm for finding lost data with an incredibly simple, user-friendly interface and a number of advanced features, such as Data Recovery, Image And Clone and Drive Wipe, to efficiently recover and safely delete files from your disk. What’s more, full download is 100% free! All it takes to start fixing hard drive errors is these simple steps:

      1. Download the SALVAGEDATA Recovery Software on your computer.

     2. After it’s launched, select the Data Recovery tab to find corrupted or lost files.

     3. Pick your disk name at the top of the list if you’d like to scan the entire device, or select the desired volume.

Salvagedata Software for Windows Detected a Hard Disk Problemfixing

        4. Next, click on the Options button in the upper right corner; make sure to define what kind of search you need by selecting the Scan Options tab:

Scan Issues Using SDR Software

Or  narrow your search by selecting the desired file format in the File Types tab.

If you have some technical know-how, you can also customize your search by including or excluding certain file system types in the File System block:

Windows File System Block in SDR Software

As soon as you’re done with specifications, hit  Save to confirm your choice, and then click Recover to begin the scanning process. As soon as you’re done with specifications, hit  Save to confirm your choice, and then click Recover to begin the scanning process. Once the search process is complete, check the box for the files and folders you want to recover. That’s it!


How to Disable the Feature that Reports Error Message

Finally, if you aren’t too worried about the safety of files on disk and aren’t afraid to risk losing them in the event of a device failure, you can disable the error pop-up as follows:

1. Open Run window from Start menu; type in gpedit.msc and hit Enter key.

2. In the window that opens, find Disk Diagnostics by following Administrative Templates > System > Troubleshooting and Diagnostics > Disk Diagnostics.

3. Open configuration menu by clicking Disc Diagnostic: Configure execution level on the right part. Modify the execution level to Disable, then hit Apply and OK. Finally, restart your machine for the changes to take effect. That’s it!

And remember: no matter what happens, you don’t need to panic. From severe logical errors to corrupted file systems to damaged partitions and lost files — you can count on us! All it takes is launch the software for absolutely free, hit the Recover button, and lean back in your chair!